With a total area of 12,000 square meters, the Heilongjiang Provincial Museum holds more than 107,000 exhibits, including fossils unearthed in Wuchang Xuetian Village which prove the presence of ancient human beings in the Heilongjiang Region more than 20,000 years ago. The completeness of many exhibits in this museum is rare. The Hadrosauridae fossil for example is both complete and unusually large for its species. It has been confirmed as a "Class One" paleontological specimen by the government.
The museum also displays a large number of textiles recovered from Jin Dynasty (265-240) tombs in Acheng which filled in significant gaps for historians mapping the evolution of clothing in this area. The collection is quite comprehensive and has been extremely important. Other relics from this era include bronze dragons, a small golden Buddha and a phoenix carved from jade. Tang Dynasty (618-907) artifacts and precious cultural relics from minorities including Hezhe and Elunchun also form part of this collection.