The museum was established in 1952, with an exhibition space of 1,500 sq.m. Famous for its rich collections and unique artifacts, it is the most famous geological museum in China: arguably the most famous in the whole of Asia. The museum is divided into two parts: the Popular Science Hall and the Dinosaur Hall. The Popular Science Hall is sub-divided into the rare stone exhibition area, a palaeontology area, the jade and precious stone exhibition area and the mineral exhibition.
As with many geological museums, the dinosaur fossils seem to hold a special fascination for visitors. Changchun Geologic Palace Museum's collection is well renowned and has among its many exhibits a Heilongjiang Manzhou Dragon which has been dated to 65 million years BC. In addition, it also boasts the most perfect and precious dragonfly fossil found in China to date, which is around 140 million years old.